# Database: formulas

Harvest planning involves juggling numbers to figure out how much produce there is to pick, how many pickers are needed and what you need to transport what has been picked. While a lot of harvest planning is making educated guesses, some of it is simply calculations. Estimate what you have to estimate, but always count whatever you can actually count, measure whatever you can measure, and then calculate using those measurements and estimates. Adjust the results to allow a cushion.

Here are some formulas that you can refer to when planning harvests. Some of these conversions can be done automatically in the Calculator page on the website. Other conversions and historical data about harvests, pounds per picker, etc can be found in this report on the Reports page.

**Banana boxes and clamshells and totes**

1 full pallet = 36 banana boxes (6 rows of 6 boxes)

1 case of clamshells = 184 clamshells

1 banana box holds 9 filled clamshells.

1 banana box with 9 filled clamshells weighs about 25 pounds total

1 banana box with apples, plums, squash, etc. weighs about 35-40 pounds total

1 empty banana box weighs 3 pounds

1 empty regular pallet weighs 40 pounds

1 empty 'blue' pallet weighs 65 pounds

1 pound of blueberries has about 280 blueberries

1 clamshell weighs too little to make a difference worth calculating

The outside of a banana box measures 20" by 16" by 10" and has an inside volume of 1.5 cubic feet.

1 cardboard half-tote weighs 27 pounds

1 cardboard half-tote measures (inside) 45" by 38" by 21"

1 cardboard half-tote holds 20-22 clamshells on each layer and a maximum of 6 layers (best with a layer of cardboard after 2 or 3 layers to spread the weight evenly)

**Sample pounds per picker**(but see the Reports Generator for complete lists)

1 picker at a large blueberry harvest with good bushes picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large cherry harvest with good trees picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large apple harvest with good trees picks about 180 pounds total

**Cars and parking**

100 yards of parallel parking holds 15 cars

100 yards of head-in parking holds 30 cars

Parking spaces are 10 feet wide

Parking spaces are 20 long

Parallel rows of head-in parked cars must 25 feet apart

1 car averages 1.5 adult pickers (a very rough figure)

Attendance at all crops averages 75%

**Trucks, pallets and totes**

A large MPFS truck can hold 8 pallets and about 8,000 pounds

A small MPFS truck can hold 4 pallets

Banana boxes stack 6 to a layer on a pallet

Empty banana boxes stack 6 or 7 layers high on a pallet (36-42 boxes)

Full banana boxes stack 6 layers high at the most and need to be tied or wrapped if higher than 5 layers

A large folding plastic tote (40 x 44 x 36) can hold 800 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A large solid plastic tote holds 300 pounds of broccoli

A large solid plastic tote holds 400 pounds of green beans

A cardboard melon tote can hold 600 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A Subaru Forester can hold 12 banana boxes

A pickup truck can hold 24 banana boxes if two layers deep and possibly 36 if the load is restrained

Open-top banana boxes measure 24 by 16 by 9 inches.

Harvest planning involves juggling numbers to figure out how much produce there is to pick, how many pickers are needed and what you need to transport what has been picked. While a lot of harvest planning is making educated guesses, some of it is simply calculations. Estimate what you have to estimate, but always count whatever you can actually count, measure whatever you can measure, and then calculate using those measurements and estimates. Adjust the results to allow a cushion.

Here are some formulas that you can refer to when planning harvests. Some of these conversions can be done automatically in the Calculator page on the website. Other conversions and historical data about harvests, pounds per picker, etc can be found in this report on the Reports page.

1 full pallet = banana boxes ( )

1 case of clamshells = clamshells

1 banana box holds filled clamshells.

1 banana box with 9 filled clamshells weighs about pounds total

1 banana box with apples, plums, squash, etc. weighs about pounds total

1 empty banana box weighs pounds

1 empty regular pallet weighs pounds

1 empty 'blue' pallet weighs pounds

1 pound of blueberries has about 280 blueberries

1 clamshell weighs

The outside of a banana box measures 20" by 16" by 10" and has an inside volume of 1.5 cubic feet.

1 cardboard half-tote weighs 27 pounds

1 cardboard half-tote measures (inside) 45" by 38" by 21"

1 cardboard half-tote holds 20-22 clamshells on each layer and a maximum of 6 layers (best with a layer of cardboard after 2 or 3 layers to spread the weight evenly)

1 picker at a large blueberry harvest with good bushes picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large cherry harvest with good trees picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large apple harvest with good trees picks about pounds total

100 yards of parallel parking holds cars

100 yards of head-in parking holds cars

Parking spaces are feet wide

Parking spaces are long

Parallel rows of head-in parked cars must feet apart

1 car averages 1.5 adult pickers (a very rough figure)

Attendance at all crops averages

A large MPFS truck can hold 8 pallets and about pounds

A small MPFS truck can hold pallets

Banana boxes stack to a layer on a pallet

Empty banana boxes stack 6 or 7 layers high on a pallet (36-42 boxes)

Full banana boxes stack 6 layers high at the most and need to be tied or wrapped if higher than 5 layers

A large folding plastic tote (40 x 44 x 36) can hold 800 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A large solid plastic tote holds 300 pounds of broccoli

A large solid plastic tote holds 400 pounds of green beans

A cardboard melon tote can hold 600 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A Subaru Forester can hold 12 banana boxes

A pickup truck can hold 24 banana boxes if two layers deep and possibly 36 if the load is restrained

Open-top banana boxes measure 24 by 16 by 9 inches.

Here are some formulas that you can refer to when planning harvests. Some of these conversions can be done automatically in the Calculator page on the website. Other conversions and historical data about harvests, pounds per picker, etc can be found in this report on the Reports page.

**Banana boxes and clamshells and totes**1 full pallet = banana boxes ( )

1 case of clamshells = clamshells

1 banana box holds filled clamshells.

1 banana box with 9 filled clamshells weighs about pounds total

1 banana box with apples, plums, squash, etc. weighs about pounds total

1 empty banana box weighs pounds

1 empty regular pallet weighs pounds

1 empty 'blue' pallet weighs pounds

1 pound of blueberries has about 280 blueberries

1 clamshell weighs

The outside of a banana box measures 20" by 16" by 10" and has an inside volume of 1.5 cubic feet.

1 cardboard half-tote weighs 27 pounds

1 cardboard half-tote measures (inside) 45" by 38" by 21"

1 cardboard half-tote holds 20-22 clamshells on each layer and a maximum of 6 layers (best with a layer of cardboard after 2 or 3 layers to spread the weight evenly)

**Sample pounds per picker**(but see the Reports Generator for complete lists)1 picker at a large blueberry harvest with good bushes picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large cherry harvest with good trees picks about 20-25 pounds total

1 picker at a large apple harvest with good trees picks about pounds total

**Cars and parking**100 yards of parallel parking holds cars

100 yards of head-in parking holds cars

Parking spaces are feet wide

Parking spaces are long

Parallel rows of head-in parked cars must feet apart

1 car averages 1.5 adult pickers (a very rough figure)

Attendance at all crops averages

**Trucks, pallets and totes**A large MPFS truck can hold 8 pallets and about pounds

A small MPFS truck can hold pallets

Banana boxes stack to a layer on a pallet

Empty banana boxes stack 6 or 7 layers high on a pallet (36-42 boxes)

Full banana boxes stack 6 layers high at the most and need to be tied or wrapped if higher than 5 layers

A large folding plastic tote (40 x 44 x 36) can hold 800 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A large solid plastic tote holds 300 pounds of broccoli

A large solid plastic tote holds 400 pounds of green beans

A cardboard melon tote can hold 600 pounds (very roughly) of heavy produce like squash

A Subaru Forester can hold 12 banana boxes

A pickup truck can hold 24 banana boxes if two layers deep and possibly 36 if the load is restrained

Open-top banana boxes measure 24 by 16 by 9 inches.

**How many pounds of strawberries are in a six high regular pallet, in clamshells, in banana boxes?**

792 pounds

900 pounds

836 pounds

**How much does the whole pallet weigh?**

832 pounds

940 pounds

956 pounds

**If strawberries were blueberries, how many blueberries would be on the pallet in question1?**

221760

234176

323766

**If a large plastic tote were filled with blueberries, what would you have all together?**

800 pounds

320 clamshells worth

Juice and pulp